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Tailored Injury Prevention in Adapted Sports


Dat voldoende beweging en een reguliere dosis sport goed zijn voor de gezondheid staat niet meer ter discussie. Een actief bestaan verlaagt het risico op het ontstaan van verschillende chronische aandoeningen. Dit gaat misschien wel nog sterker op voor personen met een lichamelijke beperking. Eén negatief aspect, echter, is de kans op blessures. En waar blessures voor de reguliere sporter al beperkend zijn geldt dat des te meer voor de sporter met een lichamelijke beperking. Preventie is dus noodzakelijk, maar er is vrijwel niets bekend over effectieve preventieve maatregelen bij deze belangrijke doelgroep. Bovendien maakt de diversiteit aan lichamelijke beperkingen en daarmee gepaard gaande risicofactoren, dat blessurepreventie bij deze sporters op het individu moet worden aangepast. In het TIPAS project ontwikkelen en evalueren we daarom een blessurepreventie-op-maat-interventie (TIPAS) voor sporters met een lichamelijke beperking.


Samenvatting van de aanvraag

BACKGROUND: Sports participation and a physically active lifestyle are stimulated for their health and social benefits and increased quality of life, both in able-bodied individuals and those with physical disabilities. One third of Dutch individuals with a physical disability participates in sports. Sports injuries do pose problems for all athletes and impact society, but often go hand-in-hand with additional problems in individuals with a disability as injuries can impose upon an already restricted lifestyle. With the relevance of studies on injury surveillance and epidemiology for preventive efforts widely acknowledged, there is a limited number of these studies in disability sports. Injury prevention is relevant to enable long-time sports participation and continuation of activities of daily living. This may be even more true for athletes with a physical disability. The variability in disabilities, and their relationship with each individual’s ability to participate in sports and each individual’s injury risk profile, highlights the need for tailored preventive approaches. Such individual approaches are upcoming, enabled by current technologies for the prospective and continuous online monitoring of health and performance related measures in individuals. Recent research has shown the ability to automatically provide online preventive advice to individual able-bodied athletes tailored to their reported health status (monitored over time using the OSTRC-questionnaire on health problems) and its effectiveness to reduce injury prevalence. This approach is applicable to athletes with a disability and fits the challenges prevention faces in these athletes. Given the specific injury risk and health problems in this population, this approach needs first to be reframed and adapted to make it valid and feasible for disability sports. AIM: The proposed study aims to reduce the number of injuries due to sports and exercise in disability sports and their negative consequences, through early recognition of health problems and delivery of timely tailored preventive advice. More specifically the study aims to 1) collect data on physical health problems (injury and illness) in disability sports, 2) adapt the preventive approach used in able-bodied athletes to disability sports (called TIPAS), 3) implement and evaluate TIPAS aimed to increase preventive behaviours and reduce acute and overuse injuries, 4) evaluate the implementation of TIPAS. TARGET POPULATION: Adult individuals with a physical disability that impairs motor function, active in various types of organised and non-organised sports activities at a competitive or non-competitive level. DESIGN: The study will implement and evaluate an individual and tailored preventive approach for disability sports, based on continuous and prospective monitoring of patterns of injury and illness in individual athletes and providing timely and tailored preventive advice (TIPAS). All preventive advice will be developed preceding the intervention start, built on the nature, incidence, prevalence and severity of sports injuries in disability sports, the evidence base of sports injury prevention, and experts’ opinion following the steps of the Knowledge Transfer Scheme. Researchers, clinicians and end-users will review the OSTRC-questionnaire on health problems for use in disability sports. Any changes will be validated. This questionnaire will be used to collect injury and illness data in athletes with disabilities through a prospective cohort study over a 6-month period. Next, a two-arm randomised controlled trial (RCT) will evaluate the effectiveness of TIPAS as a pilot intervention over a 6-month period. Participants (n=210) will be randomly assigned to an intervention or control group stratified per sport. Patterns of injuries in individual athletes will be monitored weekly online using the adapted OSTRC-questionnaire. All participants will receive general preventive advice at baseline. In addition, the intervention group will receive weekly online preventive advice tailored to their reported health status during the intervention period. The RCT will be combined with a process evaluation to acquire end-users’ feedback on using the intervention and identify conditions for effective implementation. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome measures are prevalence, incidence and nature of health problems due to sports and exercise, and actual injury preventive behaviours. Secondary outcome measures are severity of injuries, and perceived barriers and facilitating factors for using TIPAS. KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER AND IMPLEMENTATION: The study will be done in close collaboration with the field of practice to ensure an outcome that corresponds to their needs. Results will be widely communicated and implemented. Following the study, TIPAS will be available for further use. An implementation plan will be developed to enable that the intervention is available to and can be adopted by the field of practice.


Looptijd: 99%
Looptijd: 99 %
Gerelateerde subsidieronde:
Projectleider en penvoerder:
prof. dr. E.A.L.M. Verhagen
Verantwoordelijke organisatie:
Amsterdam UMC Locatie VUmc