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Urban Design for Improving Health in Groningen (UDIHiG) - Phase 2


De gezondheid van bewoners van naoorlogse wederopbouwwijken is gemiddeld slechter dan van bewoners van woonwijken uit andere perioden. Deels is dit te verklaren door de stedenbouwkundige opzet van deze wijken. De gebouwde omgeving beïnvloedt namelijk de gezondheid van haar bewoners en gebruikers. 


Paddepoel in Groningen is zo’n typische naoorlogse wederopbouwwijk. UDIHiG onderzocht in die wijk welke stedenbouwkundige interventies de gezondheid van de bewoners kon verbeteren, door gezondere leefstijlen te stimuleren.

Aanpak en resultaten

UDIHiG onderzocht in de wijk Paddepoel welke stedenbouwkundige interventies de gezondheid van de bewoners kon verbeteren, door gezondere leefstijlen te stimuleren. De bewoners speelden hierbij een belangrijke rol, want vooral zij kenden de praktische problemen van hun wijk en konden beoordelen welke interventies van invloed konden zijn op hun leefstijl. Voor het ontwerpen van de interventies deden stedenbouwkundig ontwerpers van de gemeente mee in UDIHiG. UDIHiG gebruikte virtual reality zodat de bewoners de ontworpen interventies konden ervaren en evalueren, zonder dat deze interventies direct gerealiseerd hoefden te worden.


Ontwerphandleiding Gezonde (naoorlogse) wijken

Een handleiding met ontwerpprincipes die de gezondheid van wijkbewoners van naoorlogse
wederopbouwwijken kunnen verbeteren, door in te zetten op het stimuleren van gezonde leefstijlen.

Producten van ZonMw


  • Posterpitch UDIHIG Noord leernetwerkijeenkomst 27 januari
  • Stedenbouwkundige interventies pilotfase - Deze ontwerpen zijn gemaakt t.b.v. het onderzoek en zijn niet bedoeld voor uitvoering
  • Video over het gebruik van Virtual Reality en samenwerking met de bewoners
  • VR/AR in Urban Design Education and Research - abstract ingediend (en geaccepteerd) bij ADR19 en MAB20
  • Abstract ingediend (en geaccepteerd) bij het 16th World Congress on Public Health 2020
  • Krantenartikel Wijkkrant Nummer 1 (o.a. Paddepoel) – Maart 2019: Ontwikkelingen in Paddepoel
  • Krantenartikel Wijkkrant Nummer 1 (o.a. Paddepoel) – Oktober 2019: UDIHIG: het resultaat van een jaar onderzoek 
  • Artikel NIEUWS Gemeente Groningen: Bewoners zetten zich in voor toekomstbestendige wijk
  • Artikel OOG: In 3D door 'toegankelijk en leefbaar' winkelcentrum Paddepoel



Samenvatting van de aanvraag

People’s living environment impacts public health. On average, health levels in neighbourhoods that were built during the years of the post-war reconstruction (1950-1970) lag behind those of other parts of the city. Until recently, this has been explained mainly in terms of their physical qualities (particulate matter, noise), or in terms of the characteristics of the population (lower social status and migrants being more dominant). The effects of the urban layout on the lifestyles of the residents of such neighbourhoods are as yet understudied. There is no doubt, however, that their urban layout promotes unhealthy lifestyles by promoting car dependency; larger distances to facilities, barriers for pedestrians and cyclists caused by main roads cutting through them, etc. Related to that greenery is underused because it is experienced as unsafe. Redesigning the urban lay-out can help to remove negative qualities and foster healthier lifestyles – hence the name of the project: Urban Design for Improving Health in Groningen (UDIHiG). Phase 1 revolved around a pilot project that, amongst other things, developed and consolidated the consortium that with only minor adjustments will execute the so-called research agenda. Phase 2 expands the scope of the research carried out during phase 1. Key to UDIHiG is a multidisciplinary approach that generates optimum synergy between scientific fields of different characteristics – the health sciences, the design disciplines, change management with a focus on co-creation – in order to develop a methodology that optimizes the involvement of the residents. Their involvement allows us to integrate their views in the brief for urban interventions and assess the impact of these interventions on lifestyles and health outcomes. Of particular importance is the involvement of urban planners; they introduce intervention techniques from a field that, although health motives played a determining role in its evolution, developed outside the scope of the health sciences; incorporating this domain is in line with the WHO’s ‘health in all policies’ initiative. The urban interventions are designed by the city architect – a guarantee of a professional level as well as of the ambition to integrate the findings of the project in future planning projects of the city. Phase 2 increases the scope of Phase 1 by *focusing on the entire neighbourhood (the pilot focused on the shopping centre) *addressing a wider range of issues that relate lifestyles to the urban layout: access to greenery, the availability of social hubs, etc. (the pilot concentrated on walkability and cyclability) *targeting all categories of the residents, addressing the full diversity of people living in Paddepoel (the pilot addressed only the elderly) *refining the assessment process of health effects of urban interventions *expanding the diagnostic analysis of the neighbourhood *developing a analysis and intervention model that makes the results of this project applicable in similar neighbourhoods Phase 2 envisages five Working Packages (WP’s) which address the following sub-objectives: 1: To optimise diagnostics of urban neighbourhood health and urban environment with regard to the impact of the urban environment on health behaviours and health outcomes (WP1). This will entail spatial analysis of Paddepoel and its use, of demographic data, and of health data; 2. To develop interventions to improve health behaviours by means of a redesign and adaptation of the urban environment (WP2). This will entail a healthy cities literature review, selection of sites, formulation of a design brief, urban design proposals, and their ‘translation’ in Virtual Reality, and realization of proposed interventions; 3. To enhance participation of residents and other local stakeholders in the analysis of the urban environment and co-create intervention with them by use of virtual reality tools and others innovative methods (WP3). This will entail involvement of the residents in all stages of the project; assessment via Virtual Reality of the urban interventions, and via questionnaires of their expected impact on lifestyles; 4. To disseminate findings to various stakeholders including in particular residents, urban developers, and health professionals who aim to improve health in similarly designed post-war neighbourhoods, this will entail the production of manuals and scientific papers and dissemination to various target groups (WP4); 5. In addition, UDIHiG will have a WP on management (WP5). By scaling up to the basic level of the neighbourhood, UDIHiG addresses the scale that has been identified as the most important for urban public health policies. Our ambition is to underpin the by now generally acknowledged relationship between the urban and public health with hard data derived from a scientifically valid evaluation of lifestyle changes of the residents that increase their health status, thus providing solid ground for health oriented urban interventions.


Looptijd: 100%
Looptijd: 100 %
Onderdeel van programma:
Gerelateerde subsidieronde:
Projectleider en penvoerder:
prof. dr. S.A. Reijneveld
Verantwoordelijke organisatie:
Rijksuniversiteit Groningen